Mild Mannered Reviews - Classic Pre-Crisis Superman Comics
The Legion of Super-Heroes - Archives Volume FourCover date: 1965
Featuring: Adventure Comics #329-339, Superboy #124-125
Writers: Jerry Siegel, Edmond Hamilton, and Bob Kahran
Artists: John Forte and Jim Mooney
Reviewed by: Justin "NotSuper" Adams
In this fourth installment of The Legion of Super-Heroes Archives, readers are presented with stories that introduced much of the core concepts of the teenage super-hero team. Some of those concepts include the Legion flight rings, the multi-part story, the backgrounds of characters becoming richer and complex, and the idea of teenage rebellion. Although these stories are not considered by fans to be "huge" Legion stories, they are the foundation upon which much of the mythos is built.
The story has humor, such as the Bizarro-Legion (led by Bizarro-Superboy!) and their plans to be the most perfect imperfect duplicates of the team. There is mystery, such as in the "Secret of the Mystery Legionnaire." There is drama, as the Legion face their evil counterparts - the Legion of Super-Villains - and discover an enemy in their midst. There are questions of morality and loyalty in "The War Between Krypton and Earth." Issues such as loss and the desire for revenge are addressed when Lightning Lad loses his arm due to a terrible beast. There is interaction between the thirtieth and twentieth century, such as when Lana Lang becomes the weird Insect Queen. The Time Traveler even shows up to torment his foes and a mystery villain is unmasked.
These stories would continue to inspire future writers, linking the Legion of the past with the Legion of today (and of tomorrow).
Story - 3: I'll let you in on a little secret; I was never a regular collector of the Legion of Super-Heroes (until Mark Waid's excellent reboot of the team). Sure, I knew the stories and had checked out some of the trades, but I never collected the single issues. Of course, I realize now that I've been missing out on quite a number of good stuff and luckily there are always collected editions like this one that allow me to see the things I didn't catch the first time around (though this particular volume is way before my time). This fourth volume of the Legion Archives doesn't contain many stories hardcore fans would consider "classics", but it does lay the foundation for the many great stories to come. That's not to say that there aren't some gems here - far from it. Many of the stories have a delightful mix of science fiction (courtesy of Siegel and Hamilton) and fantasy. While the Legion would reach its peak in the Bronze Age (it suffered some long-term side-effects after the original Crisis, ones which resulted in a number of reboots) under writers such as Paul Levitz, they could not have reached such heights without these early stories. In fact, these early stories were the ones that first started (very slowly) to introduce the more counter-cultural, rebellious aspects of the team. It would be a while before they would openly defy authority, but the seed was planted here. It would be grossly unfair to compare these stories to the later ones, kind of like comparing the new, sleek Battlestar Galactica with the older version. Yet also like the old Galactica, these early stories establish the mythology of the series.
While there are some good stories here (and a couple of clunkers), there are also some things that I didn't particularly care for. The Time Trapper is still a menacing, evil figure (as he should be), but having him battle a child-transformed Legion isn't really the best use of such a good character. However, we still see him casually do evil acts, such as turning Glorith into a pile of goo (!), which redeems him. I'm generally not a fan of "heroes turning into children" in the first place (with some exceptions, like the Justice League Unlimited episode).
"The Bizarro-Legion" is a somewhat humorous story, though a fairly light one. As you would expect with Bizarros, the Bizarro-Legion consists of "imperfect" and "unliving" duplicates of the group. The Bizarro-Legion is created after Bizarro-Superboy (not the original) tries to join the group and is rejected (for obvious reasons). As you would expect, they are the complete opposites of the regular Legion (Bizarro-Brainiac 5 isn't that smart, Bizarro-Superboy acts pretty much the same as Bizarro-Superman, ect). This story would just be another throwaway tale if not for the fact that the Legion flight rings (still used to this day) are introduced in the story.
"The War Between Krypton and Earth" is one of the best stories in the collection, as it explores both the history of Krypton and that of the ancestors of Lori Lemaris (Superman's one-time love and a mermaid) and her species. This likely goes back to the science fiction background of Siegel and especially Hamilton. Stories like this show an expansion of both the Superman and Legion mythos, something that would continue to happen in future stories. The Legion goes back in time to investigate a supposed war between Krypton and Earth - what they find nearly tears them apart. The story is centered around two humanoid alien species (one is a group from Krypton) that both want to settle on Earth. Superboy's loyalties are tested here, as he has to decide which group to fight for (neither is really wrong, perhaps this was a hidden message about some types of wars?). Superboy ultimately chooses Krypton, with the Legion evenly split on both sides of the war. Eventually, the conflict is resolved and the non-Kryptonian aliens turn out to be the ancestors of Lori's species.
"The Super Moby Dick of Space," despite its funny title, is actually quite a good story with lasting effects on Lightning Lad. The Super Moby Dick of Space is exactly what you think it would be - a giant space whale. The beast (the result of an experiment gone wrong) generally causes chaos and the Legion has to stop him. Interestingly, according to the story, there actually was a real Moby Dick in the pre-Crisis DCU, which Herman Melville used in his famous story. This is different than here on Earth-Prime (weren't we destroyed in the Crisis?), where the story is obviously pure fiction. This isn't essential to the story, but it is an interesting little fact. What you wouldn't expect from this story is the aforementioned lasting effects (some of the first in the series). Lightning Lad actually gets his arm irradiated by the whale and has to have it amputated (off-panel, of course)! Keep in mind that this was the Silver Age, and characters didn't usually lose parts of their body, let alone not get them back for a while. It was a very innovative thing to do, and it paid off both in this story and in the long run. Lightning Lad has his amputated arm replaced with a robotic one, and he desires to destroy the beast that did this to him (he's the Ahab of the story, with his whale being his whale). The other Legionnaires worry about LL and especially about his intentions to kill the beast. In the end, they manage to get through to him and together they stop the menace. This is another good story in the collection, and it has a good message as well. LL overcomes his demons and learns to live with his arm. Yet at the end of the story there's a glimmer of hope: one-day science might advance enough so that his arm can be fixed. This is a nice, pro-scientific advancement message, not surprising given the writer.
"The Insect Queen of Smallville" is mostly a Superboy story (set in Smallville) and revolves around Lana using an alien ring (which she acquires by saving an insectoid alien) to turn herself into a super-powered heroine. The ring allows her to gain insect like characteristics and gain the attention of Superboy. (One wonders why they haven't had TV's Lana Lang gain insectoid powers) I've always had a sift spot in my heart for Superman's many pre-Crisis love interests gaining super-powers (and it can still work today) and this is no exception. What's interesting in that there's always been the old stereotype (especially during this time period) of girls thinking bugs were "gross", yet here we see one of Kal's potential mates become like a bug. Lana stops being Insect Queen once the story is over, yet she would take up the identity again sparingly. One wonders why she stopped being a heroine, but my guess is that she didn't want the life of one.
The first multi-issue story resolves around Starfinger (you couldn't get away with that name today). The villain with the Goldfinger inspired name has the unique ability to fire rays from his fingers that have specific weaknesses against each member. (Interestingly, Colossal Boy's weakness is being shrunken - this time he's literally Micro Lad). The intrigue about Starfinger is that he's supposed to be a member of the Legion and he is - sort of. The true villain - and the real Starfinger, Dr. Hanscom--has actually hypnotized him, which is kind of a cop-out. Still, this story led to multi-issue tales, so it has that going for it.
It's important to note that both Superboy (a young Clark Kent/Kal-El/Superman) and Supergirl (Kara Zor-El) are very important members of the Legion during this period. Those unfamiliar with the Legion or the pre-Crisis DCU might be surprised by just HOW important they were to the stories. One might also wonder why Superboy wouldn't know of Supergirl's existence years in advance after meeting her in the Legion. The answer to this is that a post-hypnotic suggestion by Saturn Girl prevented Superboy from remembering events from the future that might compromise his own future.
Overall, while most of these stories are good, there are a few hit-or-miss ones and some concepts that didn't quite work. Thus, I have given it an average score.
Art - 3: The art here is a little hit or miss, due to the regular artist leaving. Still, there's nothing really wrong with it as a whole. In some places it's good and in some it's not.
Cover Art - 4: I liked the cover here and thought that it really brought out the Legion of Super-Heroes well. The characters are drawn realistically and that's a kind of art I've always enjoyed (though sometimes I like the non-realistic stuff). I was a little surprised that Superboy wasn't featured on the cover since he's such a big part of the time. Supergirl is on here too but her image isn't very big.
Pre-Crisis Superman Comic Book Reviews
- Action Comics #1 (June 1938)
- Action Comics #2 (July 1938)
- Action Comics #3 (August 1938)
- Action Comics #4 (September 1938)
- Action Comics #5 (October 1938)
- Action Comics #6 (November 1938)
- Action Comics #7 (December 1938)
- Superman Archives: Volume 1 (1939)
- Superman #1 (Summer 1939)
- Action Comics #8 (January 1939)
- Action Comics #9 (February 1939)
- Action Comics #10 (March 1939)
- Superman #13 (November/December 1941) - The Archer
- Superman #19 (November/December 1942) - Case of the Funny Paper Crimes
- Action Comics #60 (May 1943) - Lois Lane - Superwoman
- Superman #30 (September/October 1944) - The Mysterious Mr. Mxyztplk
- Action Comics #80 (January 1945) - Mr. Mxyztplk Returns
- Superman #38 (January/February 1946) - The Battle of the Atoms
- Superman #42 (September/October 1946) - The Death of Clark Kent
- Superman #45 (March/April 1947) - Lois Lane, Superwoman
- Superman #53 (July 1948) - The Origin of Superman
- Action Comics #124 (September 1948) - A Superman of Doom
- Superman #60 (December 1949/January 1950) - The Two Identities of Superman & Superman Fights the Super-Brain
- Superman #76 (May/June 1952) - The Mightiest Team in the World
- Superman #80 (January/February 1953) - Superman's Lost Brother
- Superman 3D (1953) - The Man Who Stole the Sun, Origin of Superman and The Man Who Bossed Superman
- Superman #87 (February 1954) - The Prankster's Greatest Role
- Superman #88 (March 1954) - The Terrible Trio
- Superman #89 (May 1954) - Captain Kent the Terrible, Superman of Skid Row, and One Hour to Doom!
- Superman #91 (August 1954) - The Superman Stamp and Great Caesar's Ghost
- World's Finest #88 (May/June 1957) - Superman and Batman's Greatest Foes
- Superman #115 (August 1957) - The Midget Superman!
- Superboy #65 (May/June 1958) - The Amazing Adventures of Krypto Mouse
- Action Comics #242 (July 1958) - The Super-Duel in Space
- Superman #123 (August 1958) - The Girl of Steel
- Superman #127 (February 1959) - Titano the Super Ape
- Action Comics #252 (May 1959) - The Menace of Metallo and The Supergirl From Krypton
- Superman #129 (May 1959) - The Girl in Superman's Past
- Superman #130 (July 1959) - The Curse of Kryptonite!, The Super-Servant of Crime!, and The Town that Hated Superman!
- Jimmy Olsen #40 (October 1959) - Jimmy Olsen, Supergirl's Pal
- Superman #134 (January 1960) - The Super-Menace of Metropolis
- Jimmy Olsen #42 (January 1960) - The Big Superman Movie!, Perry White, Cub Reporter!, and Jimmy the Genie!
- Jimmy Olsen #44 (April 1960) - The Wolf-Man of Metropolis
- Adventure Comics #271 (April 1960) - How Luthor Met Superboy
- Jimmy Olsen #46 (July 1960) - Jimmy Olsen, Orphan
- Superman #141 (November 1960) - Superman's Return To Krypton
- Superboy #85 (December 1960) - The Impossible Mission
- Jimmy Olsen #51 (March 1961) - The Girl with Green Hair
- Jimmy Olsen #52 (April 1961) - Jimmy Olsen, Wolf-Man
- Superboy #89 (June 1961) - Superboy's Big Brother!
- Action Comics #279 (August 1961) - The Super-Rivals
- Superman #147 (August 1961) - The Legion of Super Villains
- Superman #149 (November 1961) - The Death of Superman!
- Jimmy Olsen #57 (December 1961) - Jimmy Olsen Marries Supergirl
- Superman #155 (August 1962) - Superman Under the Green Sun and The†Downfall of†Superman
- Justice League of America #13 (August 1962) - Riddle of the Robot Justice League
- World's Finest #129 (November 1962) - Joker-Luthor, Incorporated
- Superman #158 (January 1963) - Superman in Kandor
- Superman #160 (April 1963) - The Mortal Superman
- Superman #161 (May 1963) - The Last Days of Ma and Pa Kent
- Superman #162 (July 1963) - The Amazing Story of Superman-Red and Superman-Blue
- Superman #163 (August 1963) - Wonder-Man, the New Hero of Metropolis and The Goofy Superman
- Justice League of America #21 & #22 (August/September 1963) - Crisis on Earth-One! and Crisis on Earth-Two!
- Superman #164 (October 1963) - The Showdown Between Luthor and Superman
- Superman #165 (November 1963) - The Sweetheart Superman Forgot
- Superman #166 (January 1964) - The Fantastic Story of Superman's Sons
- Superman #167 (February 1964) - The Team of Luthor and Brainiac
- Superman #168 (April 1964) - Luthor - Super Hero and Lex Luthor, Daily Planet Editor
- Superman #169 (May 1964) - The Man Who Stole Superman's Secret Life
- Action Comics #314 (July 1964) - The Day Superman Became The Flash
- Justice League of America #29 & #30 (August/September 1964) - Crisis on Earth-Three! and The Most Dangerous Earth of All!
- Superman #173 (November 1964) - The Triumph of Luthor and Brainiac
- Action Comics #318 (November 1964) - The Death of Luthor
- Action Comics #319 (December 1964) - The Condemned Superman
- Superman #175 (February 1965) - Clark Kent's Brother
- Superman #181 (November 1965) - The Superman of 2965
- The Legion of Super-Heroes - Archives Volume 4 (1965)
- Superman #184 (February 1966) - The Demon Under the Red Sun
- Action Comics #338 (June 1966) - Muto - Monarch of Menace
- Action Comics #339 (July 1966) - Muto versus The Man of Tomorrow
- Superman #189 (August 1966) - Krypton Lives Again
- Action Comics #346 (February 1967) - The Man Who Sold Insurance to Superman and The Case of the Superman Imposter
- Superman #194 (February 1967) - The Death of Lois Lane
- Superman #196 (May 1967) - The Star of Steel
- Superman #199 (January 1967) - Superman's Race With The Flash
- Superman #200 (October 1967) - Super-Brother Against Super-Brother
- The Flash #175 (December 1967) - Race to the End of the Universe
- Justice League of America #63 (June 1968) - Time Signs a Death Warrant for the Justice League
- Superman #211 (November 1968) - The Name of the Game is Superman!
- Superman #215 (April 1969) - Lois Laneä Deadä Yet Alive
- Superman #224 (February 1970) - Beware the Super-Genius Baby
- Action Comics #393 (October 1970) - Superman Meets Super-Houdini! and The Day Superboy Became Superman!
- Jimmy Olsen #133 (October 1970) - The Newsboy Legion
- Action Comics #394 (November 1970) - Midas of Metropolis and Requiem for a Hot Rod!
- World's Finest #198 (November 1970) - Race to Save the Universe!
- Action Comics #395 (December 1970) - The Secrets of Superman's Fortress and The Credit Card of Catastrophe
- Jimmy Olsen #134 (December 1970) - The Mountain of Judgement!
- World's Finest #199 (December 1970) - A Race to Save Time!
- Superman #233 (January 1971) - Superman Breaks Loose!
- Jimmy Olsen #135 (January 1971) - The Evil Factory!
- Superman #234 (February 1971) - How to Tame a Wild Volcano
- Jimmy Olsen #136 (February 1971) - The Saga of the D.N.Aliens
- Superman #235 (March 1971) - The Sinister Scream of the Devil's Harp
- Superman #236 (April 1971) - Planet of the Angels and The Doomsayer
- Jimmy Olsen #137 (April 1971) - The Four-Armed Terror!
- Superman #237 (May 1971) - The Enemy of Earth
- Superman #238 (June 1971) - Menace at 1000 Degrees
- Jimmy Olsen #138 (June 1971) - The Big Boom!!
- Superman #240 (July 1971) - To Save a Superman
- Jimmy Olsen #139 (July 1971) - The Guardian Fights Again!!!
- Superman #241 (August 1971) - The Shape of Fear
- Superman #242 (September 1971) - The Ultimate Battle
- Jimmy Olsen #141 (September 1971) - Will the Real Don Rickles Panic?!?
- Jimmy Olsen #142 (October 1971) - The Man from Transilvane!
- Jimmy Olsen #143 (November 1971) - Genocide Spray
- Jimmy Olsen #144 (December 1971) - A Big Thing in a Deep Scottish Lake!
- Superman #247 (January 1972) - Must There Be A Superman
- Jimmy Olsen #145 (January 1972) - Brigadoom!
- Jimmy Olsen #146 (February 1972) - Homo-Disastrous!
- Jimmy Olsen #147 (March 1972) - A Superman in Super-Town!
- Jimmy Olsen #148 (April 1972) - Monarch of All He Subdues!
- Superman #292 (October 1975) - The Luthor Nobody Knows!
- Action Comics #458 (April 1976) - Make Me a Super-Hero! and Masquerade of the Nutty Kid!
- Action Comics #484 (June 1978) - Superman Takes a Wife!
- Superman #328 (October 1978) - Attack of the Kryptonoid
- Action Comics #489 (November 1978) - Krypton Dies Again and Where There's a Will... There's a Fray
- Superman #329 (November 1978) - I Have Met The Enemy... And He Is Me! and The Secret of the Talking Car
- Superman #330 (December 1978) - The Master Mesmerizer of Metropolis!
- Action Comics #490 (December 1978) - No Tomorrow For Superman
- Action Comics #491 (January 1979) - A Matter of Light and Death
- Superman #331 (January 1979) - Lockup at 20,000 Feet
- Action Comics #492 (February 1979) - Superman's Secret Afterlife
- Superman #332 (February 1979) - The Eternity Cage
- Action Comics #493 (March 1979) - The Metropolis UFO Connection
- Action Comics #494 (April 1979) - The Secret of the Super S
- Action Comics #495 (May 1979) - Attack of the Ultimate Warrior
- DC Comics Presents #14 (October 1979) - Judge, Jury... and No Justice!
- The Superman Story (1979) - The Life Story of Superman
- DC Comics Presents #57 (May 1983) - Days of Future Past
- DC Comics Presents #67 (March 1984) - 'Twas the Fright Before Christmas
- DC Comics Presents Annual #3 (1984) - With One Magic Word
- Superman: The Secret Years #1 (February 1985) - Dreams and Schemes and Feeling Proud!
- Superman: The Secret Years #2 (March 1985) - Reach Out and Touch
- Superman: The Secret Years #3 (April 1985) - Terminus
- DC Comics Presents #80 (April 1985) - A World Full of Supermen!
- Superman: The Secret Years #4 (May 1985) - Beyond Terminus
- DC Comics Presents #85 (September 1985) - The Jungle Line
- Superman Annual #11 (1985) - For The Man Who Has Everything
- World's Finest #323 (January 1986) - Afraid of the Dark
- DC Comics Presents #97 (September 1986) - Phantom Zone: The Final Chapter
- Superman #423 & Action Comics #583 (September 1986) - Whatever Happened To The Man of Tomorrow?
- Showcase Presents: Superman Family - Volume 1 (October 2005)
- Superman/Batman: Saga of the Super Sons (December 2007)
- Not Brand ECHH #7 (April 1967) - The Origin of Stuporman
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